Pre-exercise health screening should be undertaken prior to strength training ... Supervisory Ratio. An optimal trainer to client supervisory ratio wi...0 downloads 0 Views 72KB Size
Safety Guidelines for Strength Training Fitness Australia Exercise Guidelines
Over the past decade, there has been an increase in the use
b) Accommodate other participant space requirements
of various strength training methods and activities across
c) Allow for correct use of speciﬁc equipment
the ﬁtness industry in Australia. The increased popularity of activities such as Kettlebells training, Olympic lifting and high
d) Provide adequate space and protection to avoid potential accidents or falls
intensity/high weight combination programming as well as the use of a variety of activity-speciﬁc equipment has created a level of uncertainty regarding the application, safety and
e) Provide safe indoor ﬂooring or safe ground in an outdoor setting
suitability of such activities.
To address these concerns and with the aim of enhancing
Equipment selection must be suited to the exercise and
safe and effective practice, Fitness Australia through the
movement capacity of the individual as determined by the
REPS Council has developed the following safety guidelines
movement screen, client/program objectives and the exercise
for strength training. These guidelines apply to the adult
environment. As the capacity of the client increases, the
population. They do not apply to children and/or adolescents
equipment selection can be modiﬁed to facilitate greater
under the age of 16 years.
stabilisation and dynamic movement, hence educating the client to move in a more ‘life-like’ / functional manner.
Health Screening Pre-exercise health screening should be undertaken prior
to strength training in order to:
An optimal trainer to client supervisory ratio will depend upon
1. Ensure safety for the participant through risk stratiﬁcation
a number of program variables including the client movement and health status, the complexity of programmed movement,
2. Enable better health outcomes for the participant
the client training age, the delivery setting and the stage of the
3. Educate the participant
program. If complex program and client variables are present,
4. Facilitate the relationship between the exercise professional
a higher trainer to client supervisory ratio will be required.
and health professionals
Programming parameters such as frequency, intensity, volume,
The role of Movement Screening is to ensure that it is safe
exercise selection and sequencing should be progressed in
for the potential participant to participate in the programmed
accordance with the individual client’s capacity, health status
exercise regime, as related to musculoskeletal health. Movement
and training age. This will ensure graduated progression in
screening will identify how a client can move. The process also
overall load (with adequate recovery periods), complexity
facilitates and enhances relationship building between the
of movements and strength capacity.
exercise professional and appropriate allied health professionals
Technical demand should be gradually progressed from a base
and helps to deﬁne and delineate relevant professional tasks.
of functional movement patterns (eg: bodyweight squat). If and
To perform movement screening as a part of their service,
where necessary, these functional movement patterns may need
registered exercise professionals are to be qualiﬁed at a
to be regressed to limited skill isolated movement (eg: a machine
minimum of Certiﬁcate IV (Fitness) and should have completed
based exercise) to cater to various individual requirements. The
a Fitness Australia approved program in movement screening.
movement may, where appropriate, be progressed to integrated high skill movement (eg: compound free weight exercises).
Setting & Space Requirements
Exercise sequencing should be applied for clients who undertake
Space allocation must:
ballistic movement and be dependent on a client’s training
a) Accommodate the range of movement required for prescribed exercises
Acknowledgement: Fitness Australia would like to thank members of the REPS Council and expert reference group for their contribution to the development of these guidelines. Release Date: September 2010
age/capacity and movement screening outcome.